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STUDY OF CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK FACTORS AND SOCIAL JETLAG IN TEACHERS OF UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE
Epidemiological evidence indicates that occupational stress affects 90% of the world's population and imposes a habitual disturbance of the circadian system, such as social jetlag that is strongly related to the development of cardiometabolic diseases. Studies have shown that the teacher is always subjected to different degrees of stress that can compromise physical, mental health and sleep quality.
This research is an epidemiological study that aimed to estimate the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk related to social jetlag in professors of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)
Data were acquired by completing validated online forms and physical assessment for anthropometric data collection, blood pressure measurement and laboratory data analysis. The project was approved by CEP / UFRN under number 2,401,132. For the analysis of the variables we used the Pearson correlation test.
Information was obtained from 92 teachers, of which 40% were men and 60% women, with a mean age of 44.9 ± 1.1 years and teaching time of 12.7 ± 1.1 years. Among the survey participants, 57 teachers answered the questionnaires. As a result it was found an average of 6.97 ± 1.0 total hours of sleep, among which 65.5% of the teachers had social jetlag ≤1 h and 34.5%> 1h, representing an average of social jetlag of 0, 9 ± 0.0 hours of the total sample. It was also found that 44% of teachers had good sleep quality, 45% and 11% had poor sleep quality and sleep disorder, respectively. There was a positive correlation between stress level, anxiety, sleep quality and sleep duration, also evidencing metabolic alterations, such as elevated triglyceride levels, fasting LDL cholesterol and fasting glucose with age, longer contribution time to the institution and increased systolic pressure over commuting time to university.
Therefore, our results suggest that sleep time misalignment is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors such as stress and anxiety. In this context, it is important to develop actions and strategies to improve the sleep quality of the teaching population and promote health benefits, since the changes compromise the quality of life and occupational profile of those involved.
Social Jetlag, Occupational Stress, Anxiety, Sleep Quality, Cardiometabolic Risks.
UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DO RIO GRANDE DO NORTE - Rio Grande do Norte - Brasil
Adelia Cristina Barros da Silva, Higor Jordão Azevedo Peixoto, Karla Viviane Lima Pires, Breno Tércio Santos Carneiro, Maricele Nascimento Barbosa, Mário André Leocadio Miguel, Denise Morais Lopes Galeno