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SLEEP AND HEALTH VARIABLES OF NURSING PROFESIONALS IN DIFFERENT WORK SHIFTS
The relationship between synchronizers and internal temporal organization can be disturbed by changes caused by shift work, manifesting as cardiovascular, metabolic and sleep disorders.
To evaluate the sleep pattern, mean blood pressure, anthropometric data and blood glucose levels of nursing professionals into the different work shifts.
A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 88 day and night shift nursing professionals, performed in public emergency services of a municipality in the southern state of Minas Gerais. For data collection, a sociodemographic questionnaire and the Sleep Diary were used. For the anthropometric data, a vertical anthropometer, malleable and inelastic measuring tape and digital scale were used. To measure blood pressure, the auscultatory method with aneroid sphygmomanometers with cuffs appropriate to the arm diameter of each participant was used. Capillary blood glucose was fasted with a portable glucometer.
Night shift workers had lower average night sleep quality, with more nap episodes, as well as lower average sleep duration compared to day workers. However, there was not statistically significant relationship between sleep data and the other variables. Mean arterial pressure was within the optimal value classification and there was no statistically significant difference in the comparison of this variable between work shifts. High BMI values were also observed in the studied sample, in which 59.09% of professionals are obese or overweight, as well as high waist circumference levels (70.46%). Workers also had a high rate of physical inactivity. The other variables studied did not show statistically significant difference in relation to shifts.
The night shift may influence the quality and duration of sleep of its workers, but has no relationship with other variables. However, higher anthropometric values can lead to long-term health problems.
Shift Work Schedule; Nursing; Blood Pressure; Sleep; Body Mass Index.
Universidade Estadual de Campinas - Sao Paulo - Brasil, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Sao Paulo - Brasil
Joice Araújo Marçal, Bruno Fernando Moneta Moraes, Sandra Soares Mendes, Carolina Pasquini Praxedes Salvi, Samira Martines Ciarrocchi Monteiro, Larissa Dela Libera Miranda, Milva Maria Figueiredo De Martino