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BURNOUT SYNDROME, SLEEP QUALITY AND FITNESS LEVEL IN UNIVERSITY TEACHERS
Burnout syndrome (BS) is defined as occupational stress in a workplace with low emotional reward. Regarding the relationship with teaching, the influence of technological, political and socioeconomic issues in the teaching environment, lead these professionals to handle the demands of the university career. High levels of stress are known to affect the quality of life and sleep and a good level of physical fitness can relieve the stress and improve the sleep quality.
Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the relationship between burnout syndrome, sleep quality and physical fitness in university teachers.
Thirty-one university teachers from the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco were evaluated. The assessment of burnout syndrome, sleep quality and physical fitness were made using the preliminary burnout identification questionnaire (QPIB), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), short form, respectively. The Spearman correlation test was used to correlate the components and total score of PSQI, QIPB, and IPAQ. Statistical significance is defined as p < 0.05.
There was a moderate positive correlation between emotional exhaustion and subjective sleep quality (r = 0.558; p = 0.001) and sleep latency (r = 0.406; p = 0.024), emotional exhaustion and sleep disturbance (r = 0.558; p = 0.001), emotional exhaustion and daytime dysfunction (r = 0.429; p = 0.016). Moreover, there was showed a moderate positive correlation between depersonalization and sleep disorders (r = 0.538; p = 0.002), personal accomplishment and subjective sleep quality (r = 0.454; p = 0.010) and sleep disorders (r = 0.476; p = 0.007). A moderate positive correlation was observed between the total PSQI score and the total QPIB score (r = 0.530; p = 0.001). There was no correlation between the physical fitness and the total QPIB score (r = -0.216; p = 0.243).
According to the results, the BS seems to compromise the quality of sleep in university teachers, but there was no association between BS and the physical fitness. It is suggested that studies using objective methods to determine the sleep quality and the physical fitness should be carried out to evaluate a more reliable relationship between these variables.
Occupational stress, teaching, sleep quality, physical fitness.
Aurea Letícia Silva, Pedro Simões Siqueira, Anna Myrna Lima