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RELATION BETWEEN SLEEP AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN IFRN STUDENTS
From the neurobiological point of view, several studies validate the importance of sleep for the health and well-being of the population. At this stage, the brain is in an active state in which there is a rearrangement of neural networks associated with learning and memory consolidation. It is important to emphasize, however, that sleep expresses itself differently according to age group. Particularly for adolescents, there is a greater need for sleep compared to adulthood, as well as a natural delay in sleep onset time.
The aim of this study is to analyze the implications of morning shift school hours on the various aspects related to sleep and academic performance in students at IFRN's Natal-Central campus.
The sample group consists of a randomized selection of students aged 14-19 years from the various high school integrated technical courses that contain 1637 enrolled students from the IFRN Natal-Central Campus.
Data related to the academic performance of the sample group were obtained from the records of the Unified Public Administration System (SUAP).
Students 'sleep-related data were recorded and monitored using questionnaires, validated for the Portuguese language, containing information about students' sleep routine.
Research already submitted and approved by the Research Ethics Committee.
According to data obtained from the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire, students who slept 08 or more hours per night had an average academic achievement index of 86.9; those who slept less than 08 hours, yield 77.57. In addition, according to the Horne and Ostberg Chronotype Questionnaire, 63% of students in the morning shift have more evening than morning or definitely evening chronotypes. Also according to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Rating Scale, only 6% of students sleep 8 or more hours of sleep per night. From this study, chronobiological aspects, hours and sleep quality per night influence the academic performance of IFRN adolescent students.
From this study, chronobiological aspects, hours and sleep quality per night influence the academic performance of IFRN adolescent students. Thus, it is necessary to promote actions in order to optimize the formatting of some school activities and to deepen scientific knowledge regarding chronobiological characteristics and their relation with academic performance and biopsychosocial aspects in high school adolescents.
teenagers, chronotypes, sleep quality, school schedules
Ricardo André Medeiros Maciel, Lavínia Flávia Xavier Souza, Mario André Leocadio Miguel