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Sleep quality assessment in middle-aged and older servants of an university in Northeastern Brazil
The current world of work has presented triggers of illness and loss of quality of life, among which sleep disorders. Coupled with the fact that with aging people sleep less, have shorter deep sleep and can wake up more easily, this condition may have an impact on their ability to work.
To evaluate the quality of sleep of middle-aged and older servants of an university in Northeastern Brazil.
Cross-sectional study of servants (≥45 years) from June to August 2019. Visits were made in workplace to collect information. To assess the quality of sleep, the following guiding question was used: "How is the quality of your sleep at night?" Participants answered the question using a Likert scale from 0 to 10, where 0 means "very bad" and 10 "very good". Sleep quality on weekdays and weekends were evaluated. Data were collected through an electronic inquiry and subsequently exported to statistical treatment software (Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests). The research was approved by the institution's Research Ethics Committee (CAAE10653019.4.0000.5568).
We analyzed 74 employees (20 teachers and 54 administrative technicians in education - ATE) with a mean age of 55 ±6 years, 44 (59%) males, 31 (42%) whites, average of 18 years of study and withn the majority (74%) housed on Campus in the capital. As regards sleep quality, the servants had 7.1 ±2.32 points for sleep quality on weekdays and 7.6 ±2.35 points on weekends, the latter being significantly better (p<0.001). In a stratified analysis by housing (capital and interland), significant differences in sleep quality were found during weekdays 7.2 ±2.2 and weekends 7.6 ±2.1 only for the servants of the capital (p=0.001). The strtatified comparisons by category (teacher and ATE) and gender did not show significant differences.
The datapoint to a better quality of sleep on weekends compred to weekdays , more specifically of servants housed in the capital. This may occur due to the daily life of capitals and metropolitan regions. Future studies with larger samples and multivariate analyzes may provide more evidence.
Sleep. Aging. Occupational Health
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística - Rio Grande do Norte - Brasil, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - Rio Grande do Norte - Brasil
HELOUISE THAINA DA SILVA MACEDO, DAMIAO ERNANE DE SOUZA, FRANCIANNE RAYSSA DA ROCHA TEIXEIRA LIMA, JANE CARLA DE SOUZA, MARIA AMÉLIA PIRES SOARES DA SILVA, FELIPE ESDRAS DO NASCIMENTO SILVA, DAINE FERREIRA ROCHA, JOAQUIM ASSIS RANGEL DE ARAÚJO, DIMITRI TAURINO GUEDES