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SLEEP QUALITY AND DAILY SLEEPENESS IN MEDICAL SCHOOLS OF A AMAZON INSTITUTION
College students are exposed to major psychological stress due to extensive workload, social demands and competitiveness of the labor market, thus may not consider sleep as a priority, reducing sleep time in favor of overtime dedicated to studies and developing Unsatisfactory sleep habits, especially in the weeks in which they undergo evaluative tests. Studies with undergraduates around the world indicate that approximately more than half of them are poor sleepers.
To evaluate the quality of sleep and the degree of daytime sleepiness among medical students from an Amazonian institution.
Cross-sectional study with three questionnaires: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESE) and sociodemographic questionnaire. G and Chi-square tests Adherence to univariate tables and Independence to bivariate comparisons.
192 medical students from the 1st to the 4th year of graduation were interviewed. There was a significant incidence of participants consuming caffeine-containing substances. Regarding other substances, such as alcohol, anxiolytics, antidepressants and brain stimulants, there was no important difference in the proportion of people who consume them. As assessed by the PSQI, there was a predominance of students with poor sleep quality, with 29.7% classified as having sleep disorders, and over the years, the proportion of students with bad sleep increases. The ESS indicated absence of drowsiness among most students, with an increase in the proportion of absence of drowsiness over the years. It is pointed out that this discrepancy may be related to increased consumption of stimulant substances. There was no significance regarding gender and marital status differences. The results agree with those in the literature regarding the high frequency of altered aspects of sleep quality, which is not interpreted as a problem or disorder, which may cause harmful health repercussions.
It is noted that health promotion actions are essential among the group of higher education students, such as proposals for the conversion of adopted health behaviors and the dissemination of sleep hygiene techniques associated with the suppression of bad habits, improving sleep quality. of this population.
Sleep Wake Disorders; Medicine; Education Medical.
Centro Universitário Metropolitano da Amazônia (UNIFAMAZ) - Para - Brasil
Maria Claudia Soares Oliveira, Rafael de Azevedo Silva, Fábio de Azevedo Gonçalves, Lorena Fecury Tavares, Darah Fontes da Silva Assunção, Fideralina Augusta da Silva Paes