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Is it possible to verify relationships between low vision and sleep patterns through actigraphy?
Sleep disorders have been the subject of research in the world, however, when we relate visually impaired and actigraphy, we find little research.
We evaluated the sleep/wake cycle of a paratleta (ICD 10-H54.2; F12), 38 years, complaining of poor quality of sleep (seem CEP 3.383.966).
For 30 days we used ActTrust-Actimeter/Condor® associated with sleep diary and sociocultural questionnaires, chronotype and PSQI. The audiograph data were evaluated in the ActStudio software.
She began her professional career at the age of 22, in the modalities of weight throwing, darts and disc. It has daily training routine in the afternoon. Before sleeping makes use of the mobile phone for about 1:30. She never used application or calendar to control the reproductive cycle, subjectively calculating the probable date of next menstruation. When in PMS, reported headache, difficulty sleeping, agitated sleep, increases in chocolate intake and aggressiveness, the latter, according to her, positive when it coincides with tournament and/or competition. Regarding the circadian profile, she was indifferent, preferring to perform her training in the afternoon. Research indicates that profiles with a tendency to indifference have preference for the afternoon period. PSQI scored 8, featuring poor quality sleep. Periodogram with circadian rhythm and sleep efficiency of 89.37%, with an average of six awakenings per night. Bed time at night was, on average, 06h30m and, sleeping, 05h48m. Presence of irregularities in bedtime and waking up on weekends and various daytime rest periods throughout the week. Comparing sleep diary, socio-cultural questionnaire and actogram, we see low perception in relation to time between bedtime and sleep, delay in relation to the probable date of next menstruation, mood changes and greater agitation during sleep, the latter, possibly related to PMS.
The actigraphy, when combined with other methodologies, can contribute to the clarification in relation to self perception of sleep, in addition to directing actions of measures of hygiene of sleep, to improve sleep efficiency, with gains in quality of personal and professional life.
Sleep; Visual disability; Self-knowledge
Mariana Yolanda de Castro Rocha, Sônia Trannin de Mello