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EFFECTS OF A SLEEP EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM ON SLEEP KNOWLEDGE, HABITS AND PATTERN IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS
One of the ways to promote better sleep quality in adolescents is the implementation of sleep education programs with information dissemination, encouraging health preservation, changing habits and values related to sleep. Thus, adolescents can consciously choose the behavior to be adopted.
To evaluate the effects of an intervention, through a health education program on sleep, on the knowledge, habits and sleep pattern in high school students.
This is a longitudinal and intervention design, with evaluation before and after a sleep-wake sleep education program, conducted with adolescents from 01 public school in Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Students were divided into control group (CG) and intervention group (GI). The study took place in three stages: Stage I (evaluation), in which participants answered questionnaires to collect sleep variables such as habits, knowledge, chronotype, pattern and quality of sleep; Stage II consisted of a Sleep Health Education Program (PESS) with 04 meetings of 50 min; and Stage III (reevaluation) occurred after 1 month after the end of the PESS, and the instruments of Stage I, an intervention evaluation form, were reapplied. The research protocol was approved by the Research Ethics Committee.
163 students participated, 91 in GI and 72 in CG, 54.6% female, mean age 16.6 ± 0.7 years. In the reassessment, there was an increase of right answers in 7 (41.2%) questions in GI and none in CG. As for sleep-related habits, it revealed a significant change in the “not being able to sleep thinking about things to do” behavior with the absence of habit going from 24.4% to 45.1% in GI. There was also an increase in the percentage of 12.1% of students with good sleep quality in GI in Stage III.
It is concluded that educational interventions may change students' knowledge, but they are not enough for behavioral change. Finally, educational measures must be combined with other aspects, such as changing hours and parental involvement, to maximize benefits.
Adolescents, health education, sleep.
UFC - Ceara - Brasil
LUANA GABRIELLE DE FRANÇA FERREIRA, DIOGO AUGUSTO FROTA DE CARVALHO, PEDRO FELIPE CARVALHEDO DE BRUIN