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Health perception, musculoskeletal pain and insomnia in motorcycle taxi drivers from Rio Branco, Acre.
Background: Research has found evidence of association between pain and insomnia. Motorcycle taxi drivers are workers susceptible to musculoskeletal pain and commonly report sleep impairment, difficulty sleeping or insomnia.
Objective: To evaluate the association between health perception, musculoskeletal pain and insomnia in motorcycle taxi drivers from Rio Branco, Acre.
Methods: Cross-sectional study with 296 male motorcycle taxi drivers from Rio Branco, Acre. The variables were obtained by applying structured questionnaires. The insomnia report was investigated by the question “Do you often have insomnia or difficulty sleeping?”, from health perception “How do you rate your health?”. The Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was used to survey musculoskeletal pain for the last 7 days. Prevalence and prevalence ratios were calculated at a significance level of 5%.
Results: The motorcycle taxi drivers had mean age of 39.4 years (SD 8.2, mim.19, max.60), working average of 63.2 hours per week, 60% and 30% working 6 and 7 days a week, respectively. Among the sample, 9.5% were smokers, 23.3% consumed alcohol, 37.5% were sedentary and 83.8% were overweight or obese. Still, 48% reported poor perception of health, 42.5% reported presence of musculoskeletal pain in the last 7 days and 22% reported having insomnia or difficulty sleeping. Among motorcycle taxi drivers with insomnia, 29.0% were unsatisfied with their health and 28.6% reported musculoskeletal pain. Unsatisfied motorcycle taxi drivers were 1.9 times (p = 0.013) more likely to report insomnia when compared to those who reported health satisfaction. Similarly, those who reported musculoskeletal pain were 1.67 times (p = 0.039) more likely to report insomnia when compared to those who did not report pain. In assessing the association of musculoskeletal pain by body region, motorcycle taxi drivers with wrist / hand pain were more likely to have insomnia (RP = 1.94, p = 0.044).
Conclusion: The perception of health satisfaction and the presence of musculoskeletal pain was associated with insomnia in motorcycle taxi drivers in Rio Branco, Acre. Health promotion actions should be applied to this group of workers in order to improve sleep quality by reducing insomnia.
Insomnia. Pain. Health perception. Motorcycle taxi drivers.
Emanuela de Souza Gomes dos Santos, Narjara Campos de Araújo, Orivaldo Florencio de Souza