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EDUCATIONAL STORIES TO PREVENT CHILDREN SLEEP DISORDERS (SD).
Little is known about the educational effects of stories in sleep. In the Preoperative phase (Piaget), the child seeks models to construct its concepts and patterns of imitation.
To test stories as strategies for behavior modeling of sleep, relating subjective observations of children between their sleep habits and consequences.
45 children from the Prepartory period II answered ten questions about sleep: five on Sleep Pratices and the others about complaints verified in bad sleepers for comparison related to: a) changes in bedtime; b) restless activities before bedtime; c) noise and mess in the room; d) excessive feeding before bedtime; e) annoyances and fight before bedtime. The obtained preliminar results indicated that "there was no statistically significant correlation between the fact of changing the bedtime and the questions about the consequences of sleep (p > 0.05). There was no correlation between doing restless activities before sleeping and the consequences of sleep (p > 0.05). The responses in relation to the environment show that the higher the degree of noise and mess in the room, the greater the degree of distraction (R = 0.428 and P = 0.003); The higher the frequency of food consumption before sleep, the higher the frequency of irritability and somnolence (R = 0.313 and r = 0.432 respectively); The more frequent the contrariness to sleep more frequent is the delay in sleep and daytime drowsiness (r = 0.371 and P = 0.012) ". A book on Sleep Hygiene was presented and the children heard the story "The Treasure of Sleep" and they participated in activities of interpretation of story, relating it to their own sleep experiences. At the end, they were asked: "Why is sleep so important?"
All participating children showed understanding of the principles of Sleep Hygiene. Analyzing their own sleep behavior facilitates the understanding of the importance of sleep. The results of this study are consistent with findings from literature on behavior and formation of thought (Vygotsky), suggesting that sleep can be mediated by children's stories.
Stories are intervention options to aid healthy children sleep.Orientation of sleep in playful form of stories can be an educational tool to support parents in implementation of healthy sleep habits and SD`s prevention. Other researches are necessary to intervene in sleep from access to children's imaginary.
Keywords: Sleep Disorders; Prevention; Education and Sleep.
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