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Título

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LIFESTYLE HABITS, PHYSICAL AND EMOTIONAL HEALTH AND THE QUALITY OF SLEEP OF UNIVERSITY

Introdução

Sleep disturbances are common grievances during the period of youth. Students who do not have a good quality of sleep are prone to difficulties with their learning, impairment in problem solving, physical and mental health disorders, and changes in the performance of cognitive and psychosocial functions. Sleep deprivation brings disastrous repercussions in the period of youth and has compromising implications due to age demands.

Objetivo

Assessing the quality of sleep of young undergraduate students of speech therapy and dentistry, according to lifestyle habits related to sleep, anxiety, stress and disease.

Métodos

Analytical, observational and transversal study, conducted in the period from August 2018 to February 2019, registered under opinion: No.: 2,891,458. 150 students of speech therapy and dentistry courses of both sexes participated, with a mean age of 22.83 years old. Data was collected using a specific instrument and a Pittsburgh questionnaire. Pearson's Chi-square and Fisher's exact test were used to identify association. To determine the percentage of students with a sleep disorder, an initial multivariate logistic regression model was adjusted with the variables that presented p < 0.20 in the bivariate. The final model was determined by the Backward method with p < 0.20. The margin of error was 5%, intervals of OR with 95% confidence and the program used was IBM SPSS version 23.

Resultados

The habit of making heavy meals (p = 0.004), the use of relaxants (p = 0.025), coffee or nicotine before sleeping (p = 0.001), consumption of psychoactive substances for studying (p = 0.025), being anxious (p = 0.001) or stressed (p = 0,017) may incisively compromise the quality of sleep. Although variables such as alcohol consumption (p = 0,562), habits of abdicating sleep to study (p = 0,064) and using electronics before sleeping (p = 0,321) did not have significant effect, they may have contributed to poor quality sleep or sleep disturbance.

Conclusões

The quality of sleep of the population studied is severely compromised and suffers the influence of life habits.

Palavras-chave

sleep disorders; sleep deprivation; sleep; young adult

Área

Área Clínica

Instituições

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco - Pernambuco - Brasil

Autores

Jamilly Henrique Costa da Silva, Natália de Castro e Silva Martins, Mirella de Albuquerque Cordeiro, Jadna Emille da Silva Arruda, Luciana Moraes Studart-Pereira