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Título

MENTAL HEALTH AND SLEEP IN A POPULATION IN THE EAST OF MINAS GERAIS

Introdução

Mental health problems are causes of comorbidities worldwide. It is estimated that 700 million people are affected by this condition, according to WHO. Minor psychic disorders (MPD) are known to negatively impact in sleep and MPD are related by symptoms such as anxiety, fatigue, depression, insomnia, irritability, and memory and concentration deficit.

Objetivo

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MPD and the impact on sleep in a population in the Eastern Minas Gerais.

Métodos

This study is characterized as a descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative research that was conducted in 2017/18. We used data from interviews conducted during a Health Fair, totaling 169 respondents. Participants were invited to attend the fair to monitoring health by forming a convenience sample. In the interview, questions were applied for sociodemographic characterization and sleep quality.
To analyze the prevalence of common mental disorders we used the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), an instrument with 20 questions aimed at screening for psychic morbidity. These were collected by medical students, previously trained in the application of research instruments. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed using frequency tables and calculation of measures of central tendency (mean) and dispersion (standard deviation) using the SPSS® program.

Resultados

Participaram desta pesquisa 169 voluntários, com idades variando entre 14 e 83 anos (med=49,9). Em relação ao sexo, 53,8% eram mulheres. A maioria dos voluntários eram casados/as (60,94%) e com ensino fundamental incompleto (46,74%).
A prevalência do DPM foi de 39,05%. Houve maior prevalência no sexo feminino (50,55%), comparado aos homens (25,64%); 33% deles eram casados. Cerca de 30% dos entrevistados referiram dormir mal. A duração média de sono foi 7,8 (± 1,9) horas. Em relação à faixa etária, nota-se maior prevalência em idosos acima de 73 anos, uma vez que tendem a ser mais vulneráveis às limitações e problemas de saúde.

Conclusões

It is recognized that the presence of depressive symptoms negatively affects various aspects of an individual's life, including sleep quality and duration. Therefore, it is necessary to identify and treat individuals with MPD, to maintain the integrity of mental health, positively interfering with sleep and quality of life.

Palavras-chave

Sleep, mental disorder, Health

Área

Área Básica

Instituições

UNEC - Minas Gerais - Brasil, Unileste - Minas Gerais - Brasil, Univaço - Minas Gerais - Brasil

Autores

MELISSA ARAUJO ULHOA, Ewertton Gabriel Rodrigues, Marina de Senna Carli, Ana Carolina Vale Lisboa, Gustavo Fonseca